I’m Spencer Cox, a landscape photographer based in Colorado. I started writing for Photography Life almost ten years ago, and now I run the website in collaboration with Nasim. I’ve used nearly every digital camera system under the sun, but for my personal work, I love the slow-paced nature of large format film. You can see more at my personal website and my Instagram page. At the same time, for some photographers, this level of precision is welcome. I personally use the charts in this article for many of my landscape photographs, assuming that I have a few extra seconds to spend on a shot.


Science regularly uses image technology that has derived from the design of the pinhole camera to avoid distortions that can be caused by lenses. The method has been much extended by using other wavelengths, such as infrared photography and ultraviolet photography, as well as spectroscopy. Those methods were first used in the Victorian era and improved much further since that time. The aesthetics of photography is a matter that continues to be discussed regularly, especially in artistic circles. Many artists argued that photography was the mechanical reproduction of an image. If photography is authentically art, then photography in the context of art would need redefinition, such as determining what component of a photograph makes it beautiful to the viewer.

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This is very important to remember if you’re trying to take photos with hard shadows. In such situations, you’ll generally need to use a graduated neutral density filter to reduce the strength of the bright pixels, or capture several bracketed shots that you’ll later blend together in Photoshop. You can also embrace the clipped exposure – though it’s often a good idea to bracket anyway, just to be safe.

Most likely, you will photograph all family members as a group at some point during your session. Before you take on this task, make sure that your camera settings are correct to cover the whole group.

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Higher-quality raw photos are also definitely a major pro, allowing for more data to be pulled from an image for editing purposes. For those using more advanced cameras like DSLRs or mirrorless models with interchangeable lenses, make sure to pick a lens in the 14-35mm range. This will provide a wide focal length that keeps all your subjects comfortably within the frame. Note that many standard kit lenses that come with these cameras offer wide-angle capabilities and can do a fantastic job of capturing your group photos.

The Nikon Z f looks like an old-school film camera, but offers plenty of advanced tech and features. The three new lenses offer a little bit of something for everyone.

Instant color film, used in a special camera which yielded a unique finished color print only a minute or two after the exposure, was introduced by Polaroid in 1963. Agfa’s similarly structured Agfacolor Neu was introduced in 1936. Unlike Kodachrome, the color couplers in Agfacolor Neu were incorporated into the emulsion layers during manufacture, which greatly simplified the processing. Currently, available color films still employ a multi-layer emulsion and the same principles, most closely resembling Agfa’s product. Autochrome, the first commercially successful color process, was introduced by the Lumière brothers in 1907. Autochrome plates incorporated a mosaic color filter layer made of dyed grains of potato starch, which allowed the three color components to be recorded as adjacent microscopic image fragments. Autochrome plates were one of several varieties of additive color screen plates and films marketed between the 1890s and the 1950s.